Physiological and social aspects associated with chromosomal abnormalities and congenital malformations in pregnancies perimenopausal/Aspectos fisiológicos e sociais associados às alterações cromossômicas e malformações congênitas em gestações perimenop..

Haysha Maylla Castelo e Silva, Kelly Nunes de Almeida, Márcia Benvindo Braga, Elenir de Araújo Lago, Laiz Tavares Silva Pessoa, Itaiara Pereira da Silva


Objective: To analyze the influence of physiological and social aspects of pregnant women in perimenopausal age, with births occurring that state of Piauí in 2002 to 2012. Methodology: A descriptive epidemiological study, in which data are provided through the Statement of Live Birth obtained through query in the database of the Information System on Live Births, provided by the Department of the Unified Health System. Results: Were then quantified 582,796 Statements of Live Births, of which 39,003 belong to women aged equal to or above 35 years. The analysis of rates of congenital anomalies shows that maternal age is not a decisive parameter for the incidence of congenital malformation, since the rates on live births to mothers older than 35 years contain variations from 0.26% to 0.86%, and 0.16% to 0.59% in live births to women under the age of 35 years. Conclusion: The understanding by health professionals about social factors and perimenopausal symptoms that affect maternal and fetal health can greatly contribute to the improvement of care.

Descriptors: Nursing. Perimenopause. Maternal age. Congenital anomalies.



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